SILVA 1-2-3 System®
Navigating with a map and a compass is as easy as 1-2-3. But there are a few things to learn before heading out. This Silva guide is an introduction to navigation and an inspiration to explore more.
If you know your current location and are wondering how to get to a specific location on your map, Silva 1-2-3 System® is the easiest way.
Silva 1-2-3 System® is a simple and safe system used by many navigators, military expedition troops, scouts, mountain guides, armies, orientation runners and by many explorers around the world.
How to find your way with the Silva 1-2-3 System® system?
Place your compass on the map and use the baseline to make a straight line between your current position and your destination. Make sure direction-of-travel arrow points towards your destination.
Turn the compass housing until the red part of the North/South arrow is parallel with the map meridians, and points North on the map. The visual look and colors of different compasses may vary. But North is most likely marked with N.
Lift your compass from the map and hold it horizontally in your hand. Turn yourself and the compass until the red end of the needle in inside the red North/South arrow. Now the direction-of-travel-arrow will point towards your destination. Take a landmark and start moving. Enjoy!
Advice for seasoned adventurers
💡 Keep in mind that magnetic variation may occur in the area that you are using your compass and this needs to be compensated for.
💡 If using a mirror-sighting compass: angle the mirror/lid approximately 45 degrees towards yourself and hold with straight arm out in front of you. Now, while looking in the mirror to see that the needle aligns with the red/black N/S arrow, sight above the mirror (using the sight) towards an object in the field in line with the direction of travel.